of Jerusalem 1,100,000 Jews were killed and
97,000 taken into slavery and captivity.
||Rebellion of the
Jews in Mesopotania, Egypt, Cyrene and Cyprus.
Jews and Romans inflicted many barbaric
atrocities on each other, causing the death of
several hundreds of thousands of Romans and Jews.
Bar Kochba rebellion (Bar Kochba was a false
Messiah). Caused the death of 500,000 Jews;
thousands were sold into slavery or taken into
Hadrian commenced his persecution of the Jews.
Jerusalem established as a pagan city. Erection
of a Jupiter temple on the temple mountain
(Moriah) and a temple to Venus on Golgotha. Jews
were forbidden to practice circumcision, the
reading of the Law, eating of unleavened bread at
Passover or any Jewish festival. infringement of
this edict brought the death penalty.
the Great established "Christianity" as
the State religion throughout the Roman Empire;
issued many anti-Jewish laws.
Great expelled Jews from any official gate
position or place of honor. Permitted the
destruction of their synagogues if by so doing,
it served a religious purpose.
of the Jews in Spain. All Jews who refused to be
baptized had to leave the country. A few years
later the remaining Jews were dispossessed,
declared as slaves and given to pious
"Christians" of position. All children
7 years or over were taken from their parents and
given to receive a "Christian"
persecutions of the Jews at the beginning of the
First Crusade, in Germany. Along the cities on
the Rhine River alone, 12,000 Jews were killed.
The Jews were branded second only to the Moslems
as the enemies of Christendom.
driven out of Flanders (now part of Belgium).
They were not to return nor to be tolerated until
they repented of the guilt of killing Jesus
||The Jews of
London had to pay compensation of 1 million marks
for allegedly killing a sick man.
persecution of the Jews in Germany at the
beginning of the Second Crusade. The French Monk,
Rudolf, called for the destruction of the Jews as
an introduction to the Second Crusade. It was
only because of the intervention of Emperor
Conrad who declared Nuerenberg and a small
fortress as places of refuge for the Jews, and
that of Abbot Bernard of Clairvaux, that the
result was not quite as devastating as at the
time of the First Crusade.
Philip banished the Jews from his domain. They
were permitted to sell all movable possessions,
but the immovable such as land and houses
reverted to the king. Seven years later he called
the Jews back.
the coronation of Richard the Lionhearted,
unexpected persecution of the Jews broke out in
England. Most Jewish houses in London were
burned, and many Jews killed. All possessions of
the Jews were claimed by the Crown. Richard's
successor alone, relieved the Jews of more than 8
||At the IV Lateran
Church Council, restrictions against the Jews by
the church of Rome were issued.
I banished the Jews from England. 16,000 Jews
left the country.
the Jews in Franconia, Bavaria and Austria. The
Nobleman Kalbfleish alleged that he had received
a divine order to destroy all the Jews. 140
Jewish communities were destroyed, and more than
100,000 Jews were mercilessly killed.
Philip the Fair banished the Jews from France.
100,000 Jews left the country.
||In France, 40,000
shepherds dedicated themselves for the Shepherd
Crusade to free Palestine from the Moslems. Under
the influence of criminals and land speculators,
they destroyed 120 Jewish communities.
were accused of having incited outlaws to poison
wells and fountains in the district of Guienne,
France. 5,000 Jews were burned at the stake.
||Jews were blamed
for the plague throughout Europe, especially in
Germany. In Strausberg 2,000 Jews were burned. In
Maintz 6,000 were killed in most gruesome
fashion, and in Erfut 3,000; and in Worms 400
Jews burned themselves in their homes.
were blamed for having defiled the
"Host" (wafer used in the Mass) in
Brabant. The accused were burned alive. Again,
all Jews were banned from Flanders and until the
year 1820, every 15 years a feast was kept to
celebrate the event.
Spain. In Seville and 70 other Jewish
communities, the Jews were cruelly massacred and
their bodies dismembered.
banishment of Jews from France.
monk, Capistrano, persuaded the King of Poland to
withdraw all citizens' rights of the Jewish
Spanish inquisition directed against the Jews.
||The banishment of
Jews from Spain. 300,000 Jews who refused to be
"baptized" into the Church of Rome left
Spain penniless. Many migrated to the Muslim
country, Turkey, where they found tolerance and a
of the Jews from Portugal. King Manuel, generally
friendly to the Jews, under pressure from Spain
instigated forced baptism to keep the Jews.
20,000 Jews desired to leave the country. Many
were ultimately declared slaves.
established in Venice.
of Jews from Naples and 10 years later, from
Genoa and Venice.
Jews in Russia, Jewish men were forced to serve
25 years in the Russian military. Many hundreds
of thousands of Jews left Russia.
former restriction, against the Jews in the
Vatican State were re-inforced by Pope Pius IX.
restrictions of Jews in Russia. Frequent pogroms
(massacres); general impoverishment of Russian
of persecution of Jews in Hitler Germany.
Inception of the systematic destruction of
6,000,000 Jews throughout Nazi-occupied Europe.