Are there many versions of the Bible? Or many translations? If you cannot read Hebrew or Greek in which the original manuscripts were written, you'll need a translation from those texts. In order to live for Christ, you'll need a translation so you can read what He said, and what's been written about Him.
The English language has changed dramatically over the years. In fact it has changed so much only with great difficulty could you read any of the Bibles translated a mere 600 years ago! Because the English language is a living language - constantly changing - there is a continual need to translate frequently from the original text, as old words loose their sense of meaning, and new words come into being.
As new manuscripts are discovered, more understanding and accuracy is given to the texts we presently have. Since the King James Version has been translated, there have been 3 very important discoveries. Since 1611 we have found more evidence that lends to a more accurate translations, these are:
The Codex Sinaiticus (Aleph), discovered in 1844 in the monastery of St. Catherine in the Sinai peninsula by Tischendorf. This was written in the 4th century and contained most of the New Testament.
The New Testament papyri in 1895, discovered in Egypt, though fragmented, have proved to be valuable.
The Dead Sea Scrolls discovered in 1947 near the Dead Sea, provided nearly all of the Book of Isaiah, and many portions of the Old Testament. These are hundreds of years older than previously known texts, and confirmed much of the Old Testament we already have. These are also duplicated BEFORE the birth of Jesus Christ.
Translation techniques, and Biblical Scholarship have tremendously improved in the 100 years. We can have a more precise and accurate translation now - than our forefathers ever dreamed of! Other languages we previously knew little about, now we can understand and see the greater meaning of certain difficult words and phrases.
Today we need an easy-to-read translation - for those of us that are not linguistic scholars and stumble over those 27 letter words. Think about it . . . since the MESSAGE contained in the Bible is so important, then we MUST be able to give it to the poorest reader in a text they can read! This is not re-interpreting the text, it's giving an accurate rendering from the Hebrew & Greek in a language they can simply read and benefit from. For this reason alone, we need the BEST possible translation we can get . . . consequently, it must be readable.
This is a List of English translations, the translators and when done.
Bishops Bible Church of England 1568 Rheims-Douay Bible Roman Catholic 1582-1610 King James Bible Church of England 1611+ Youngs Literal Translation (Robert Young) 1863 English Revised Version Church of England (KJV rev.) 1881-85 American Standard Version American Revision Committee 1901 Weymouth's Modern Speech NT (R. F. Weymouth) 1903+ Twentieth Century Inter-denominational 1904 Jewish Version of 1917 (OT) 1917 Moffat's New Translation (James Moffatt) 1924,1935 Smith-Goodspeed Version (Edgar Goodspeed) 1931 Charles B. Williams NT (Charles B. Williams) 1937 Ronald Knox's Catholic Version Roman Catholic 1944-50 Revised Standard Version (KJV revised later Catholic) 1946-52 Confraternity Version (Rheims-Douay-Challoner rev.) 1948 New World Translation Watchtower Society 1950-60 NT in Modern English J. B. Philips 1958 Berkeley version 1959 New American Standard Lockman Foundation (ASV rev.) 1971 Wuest's Expanded Trans. (NT) Kenneth Wuest 1961 New English Bible 1970 NT in Plain English Charles Kingsley Williams 1963 NT in Language of Today William F. Beck (a Lutheran) 1964 Amplified Bible 1965 Today's English or Good News American Bible Society 1966 Jerusalem Bible Roman Catholic 1966 Living Bible 1972 New International Version New York Bible Society 1978
|These are the English
translations only. There are thousands of translations in
other languages, and still thousands of peoples without
the Bible in their own tongue.
Some of these are word-for-word translations (each word is translated individually), some of them are paraphrased (someone "interprets" the meaning of a passage and then translates the passage into the second language), which is important in knowing which Bible to study!
Some are easy to read, some are difficult; some are majestic in vocabulary, and some are plain and simple. Some are precise in meaning, and some loosely translated.
But sadly, some are unfaithful to the Original Text and some have added or subtracted certain words to reflect their own doctrine. Some were translated by well known scholars, and some by people who could not read a sentence from the original manuscripts!
The King James Version, a word-for-word translation, is an excellent place to start for study. While it holds true doctrinally as well as giving reverence to the Word of God with its majestic style, it is still the Standard in the majority of the churches today. The KJV still speaks with remarkable authority, is easy to memorize and gives the Biblical text and the Lord Jesus the proper respect & honor His name deserves. Also important, the majority of the references works are based on the KJV text. There are no copyright restrictions on the KJV - a serious consideration if you quote the Bible in articles or literature you write!
The New American Standard Version, also a word-for-word translation is translated in more modern English and is very accurate in verb tenses that are difficult to understand in the KJV.
The New International Version is a paraphrase - but by far the best of its kind. Paraphrases can convey easily the meaning of certain texts, and can reflect doctrinal viewpoints of the translators. The NIV is an excellent paraphrase, easy to read, and a good supplement to helping understand word-for-word translations. However, I feel the NIV, like any other paraphrase is interpretative. By this, the translators have sought to convey what they think the text trying to convey rather than exactly what it SAYS.
It would take too much time to describe the good & bad points in all the rest of the translations, and anyone who's really a serious student of the Bible, will sooner or later learn to use word studies, lexicons, concordances, or even the original languages themselves.
A concordance is simple to use, and can by comparison give quick insight into the meaning of a particular word and how it's used. Young's Analytical Concordance & The New Strong's are easy to use. Vines Expository Dictionary of Old & New Testament Words is also excellent and simple for any one to use.
With the wealth of Bible knowledge at our disposal, no one has any excuse not to daily read and study God's Word for themselves. Many men have already given their lives so that you DON'T have to live in IGNORANCE of what God has said. You personally are responsible for reading and studying the Bible - relying on another person is a sorry excuse for LAZINESS, not to mention the BLESSINGS of having God speak to you personally through the study of His Word!